74 C2 Sector A, Phase 1, Engineers Town, Lahore
 

About Autism

What is Autism

Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and affects a person’s ability to communicate and interact with others. Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviours and is a “spectrum disorder” that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees.Autism Society of Pakistan has successfully set up the Autism Resource Centre in Rawalpindi, which has recently completed five fruitful years. ASP aims to replicate such centres all over Pakistan, and hopefully establish a National Autism Centre. ARC Lahore is the second of such centres. A dedicated group of people (primarily affected parents) in Pakistan and abroad have formed a focus group to take this public initiative forward.

Causes

There is no known single cause for autism but genetics, environment and biological traits are generally referred as key culprits. Still research and a cure are far ahead in the horizon. Until there is a cure, timely intervention through tested techniques is the only proven way to help these children cope with this debilitating ailment.

Autism and Society

There is no known single cause for autism but genetics, environment and biological traits are generally referred as key culprits. Still research and a cure are far ahead in the horizon. Until there is a cure, timely intervention through tested techniques is the only proven way to help these children cope with this debilitating ailment.

Incidence

Since the mid 1990s, the number of affected children has increased dramatically. In most of the world, the number of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has increased from 1 in 1000 in 1980s to 1 in 150. Although diagnostic facilities, resources and records are not readily available in Pakistan, the odds of a child afflicted with ASD are not too different from the rest of the world.

Some common characteristics of Autism?

Since the mid 1990s, the number of affected children has increased dramatically. In most of the world, the number of children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has increased from 1 in 1000 in 1980s to 1 in 150. Although diagnostic facilities, resources and records are not readily available in Pakistan, the odds of a child afflicted with ASD are not too different from the rest of the world.

Diagnosis

There are no medical or genetic tests that can detect autism.
A diagnosis of Autism requires a sensitive and experienced doctor to observe the child very carefully, ask the parents about the development of the child and then objectively follow internationally recognized criteria for diagnosis.
There is no single behavioural or communication test that can detect Autism, several screening instruments have been developed that are now being used in diagnosing Autism.

Assessment Tools

  • • ADOSAutism Diagnostic Observation Scale evaluates the patient’s socialization skills
  • • Form E-2Autism Diagnostic Checklist
  • • ADI-RAutism Diagnostic Interview – Revised
  • • CARSRating system Childhood Autism Rating Scale
  • • CHATThe Checklist for Autism in Toddlers
  • • DSM-IVDiagnostic Statistical Manual – IV

Testimonials

My son was diagnosed as a CP child at the age of 1 year. Initially I got his therapies from different centres. At the age of 4-5 Years, in addition to the therapies I felt a need for basic schooling for my son, so I searched for some inclusive schools. I came to know about ARCL. My son has been attending ARCL since he was 5 years old. He is now 7.9 years old. The efforts and energy of the ARCL team is outstanding. Now my son is about to join a regular school. Much credit goes to the team of ARCL.

Ms. Naila Adil

Ms. Naila Adil

“Autism does not come with a manual. It comes with a patient Family and competent therapists who never give up”. Dr Irfan Saleem, Sohar University Oman.
My son Usman Bin Irfan was diagnosed with ASD in 2010. He is now ten years old. We joined ARCL in 2017 due to the generous financial support by ARCL Lahore – a fantastic team under the patronage of Dr Faraz Bhatti. I wish Team ARCL all the success.

Dr. Irfan Saleem

Dr. Irfan Saleem

My son was diagnosed with ASD at the age of 3. After a few months of struggle, I came to know about ARCL. My son has attended ARCL since he was 3.5 years old and he is now 6 years old. The attitude and energy of the ARCL team is amazing. They have left no stone unturned towards the betterment of kids. My son joined a normal school along with a shadow teacher after 1 year of therapy. He is attending both normal school and ARCL now. Much credit goes to the team of ARCL. They taught us to live with Autism and celebrate it. Hats off to you. I wish ARCL all the success.

Dr. Raazia Altaf

Dr. Raazia Altaf

My son was diagnosed as ASD at the age of 2.7 years. After 2.5 years of early intervention at school he moved to ARCL. It has been 7 month since we joined ARCL. Therapists are working wholeheartedly to improve his regression. Alhamdulillah I have firm belief in the ARCL team. We will inshAllah be able to make him better and our goal is inclusion. Best of luck ARCL!

Dr. Ayesha Tahir

Dr. Ayesha Tahir

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